Botulinum toxin (wrinkle treatment) is a type of poison that is obtained by cleaning bacteria (Clostridium botulinum). Once injected, it blocks only the nerve signals to the muscle at the site it was injected. Without nervous signals, the muscles lose their ability to contract. Thus, wrinkles in the region where the muscle adheres to the skin are eliminated. The commonly used and known types of botulinum toxin type A are wrinkle treatment, Dysport and Xeomin. Botulinum toxin type B is commercially available (myobloc / neurobloc), but is more preferred in immunological resistance to type A.
Wrinkle treatment is a safe drug that has been used in a variety of applications, including the treatment of spastic neurological disorders and the treatment of migraine. It is successfully used in aesthetic surgery to treat the forehead, eye area, eyebrows, lips, chin, wrinkles and ligaments of the neck. Although its name is poison (toxin), it does not spread in the body and does not show toxicity. When used properly, it does not accumulate in other organs and does not cause poisoning. The effect is injected locally, and shows its effect at the site performed. One vial contains 100 units of toxin. The maximum recommended dose for simultaneous injection is 300-400 units (usually not exceeding these levels). The average lethal dose of botulinum toxin in humans is 2800-3500 units. This means that 28-35 bottles of wrinkle treatment can be applied at once to the same person. Therefore, wrinkle treatment in normal doses is a very safe drug. Even intravenous injection of toxin does not produce systemic poisoning effects.
The wrinkle treatment can be used in combination with other cosmetic skin rejuvenation procedures. Chemical peeling, microdermabrasion, laser treatment and restorative treatment can improve the results of wrinkle treatment and prevent the formation of new lines and wrinkles.
There are 43 muscles that work actively in the facial area and prepare the plane for wrinkles. The wrinkle treatment at the appropriate locations in the areas where they are distributed eliminates wrinkles without altering the facial expression.
During wrinkle treatment and after use:
Injection is a painless procedure that is usually performed with very fine needles that do not require anesthesia. Cooling the area of application with ice increases the pain comfort. The effect of wrinkle treatment becomes visible within 2-3 days after the injection and occurs completely within 10-14 days. After 10-14 days, the injection is re-injected into the affected areas and the effect is completely stopped. The effect of wrinkle treatment lasts for 3-4 months and then gradually begins to decrease. After an average of 6 months, the wrinkles reappear.
You can return to your daily activities immediately after the injection. Care should be taken not to rub or massage the areas of application immediately after treatment. Otherwise, local drug effects may spread to surrounding muscle areas leading to unwanted muscle weakness. In this case, the lower and upper eyelids sag, lip movements can occur, such as disturbing results.
Side effects and complications of wrinkle treatment:
Bruising and pain at the injection sites
Unwanted muscle weakness and sagging
Botulism-like intoxication symptoms can occur when the drug is administered
in high doses and spreads to unwanted areas: difficulty swallowing, difficulty
breathing, speech disorders ....