What is gynecomastia?

 Gynecomastia describes the appearance of female breast growth in men. Although this aesthetically unpleasant situation can occur for many different reasons, in most cases there is no underlying cause (idiopathic gynecomastia). In the mouth of the people it is called breast growth. Physiological gynecomastia (i.e., idiopathic gynecomastia) can be seen in three different stages of life, neonatal, adolescent, and senile ages. In pathological gynecomastia, there is a pathological condition that enlarges the breast, and when it is treated, the breast may return to normal. The most common causes of pathological gynecomastia are: cirrhosis, malnutrition (poor and insufficient nutrition), tumors (testicular tumor, lung carcinoma, pituitary adenoma), hyper- and hypothyroidism, kidney disease. In addition, the use of some plastics can also lead to gynecomastia; Marijuana, cimetidine, diazem, reserpine, estrogen, digoxin, theophylline, etc ... Diseases associated with puberty or the use of plastics can go back by themselves and thus disappear. However, in such long-term states spontaneous regression is not seen by itself.

In the differential diagnosis of disease cases tumors and the status of a pseudojinekomastie should be considered. Pseudo (leukogenic) gynecomastia is a condition in men where fat accumulation in the chest area increases breast volume. As a rule, medical history, physical examinations and ultrasound are sufficient for diagnosis, but if there is a suspicion of a tumor, a biopsy is performed. Gynecomastia alone is not a cause of breast cancer. In other words, due to mammary gland growth, there is no conversion to cancer later. The only exception is the Kleinfelter syndrome. People with this syndrome may develop from gynecomastia cancer.

Gynecomastia, gynecomastia treatment, gynecomastia Izmir, Izmir gynecomastia, Izmir gynecomastia treatment, gynecomastia, this as a word describes in female breast growth. Although this aesthetically unpleasant condition can occur for many different reasons, the underlying cause in most cases is the most common complication of gynecomastia surgery: hematoma (accumulation in the chest), seroma (fluid accumulation), infection and prostatectomy. If the appropriate interventions are performed at the right time, this can be remedied without further major problems.

 How does the process go after gynecomastia surgery?

Gynecomastia surgery may be performed under local anesthesia or under general anesthesia, depending on the preference of the physician and the condition of the patient. Under general anesthesia, the patient stays in hospital for one night. Subsequently, the breasts are covered with an elastic corset and subsequently the patient is discharged. The patient can go out the next day, wearing the corset, and go for a walk. It is not a very painful operation. Taking simple analgesics for several days is usually sufficient. Those who do light desk work can start working again after 3-4 days. Surgery-related swellings and bruises completely disappear within 7-10 days. However, you should not do any heavy work for the first 7-10 days, avoid excessive movements of your arms and do not do heavy sport. After 3-4 weeks wearing the corset, the patient can continue his normal life again.


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